শনিবার, ২৩ জানুয়ারি ২০২১, ৮ মাঘ ১৪২৭

এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার প্রস্তুতি ইংরেজি প্রথম পত্র

এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার প্রস্তুতি ইংরেজি প্রথম পত্র
Human brain

আজ তোমাদের জন্য Question-1 নিয়ে আলোচনা করা হলো

Part-1, Question-1
3. Read the following text and answer the questions A and B.
When you are in the driving seat of a car, you have the steering and the horn in your hands, the brake and accelerator under your feet, eyes open looking ahead, left and right. The same can be said about a motorcycle rider, with some modifications. These are all very visible. But, behind all, there is something that keeps working unseen. And that is the Central Processing Unit (CPU), your brain. CPUs are artificially intelligent machines that are programmed to do specific jobs under fixed conditions and judgments. But the human brain is intelligent by nature. It is the most sophisticated machine that is able to operate on ever-changing conditions and standards of judgment. As conditions in the traffic keep invariably changing, this virtue of sophistication of your brain must be at work when you are driving. The difference between traffic in the roads and highways and racing circuit must not be blurring inside you. Never imagine yourself to be a Michael Schumacher driving an F-1 at 300 mph. leave no room for fantasy. You must always be ready to encounter unexpected behaviour from any vehicle or pedestrian. ‘Keep your cool’ is easy to advice but difficult to maintain. Still you must always restrain yourself because, at the end of the day, you don’t want to be regarded as a killer. Now you see, the last thing that differentiates you from a computer is your conscience.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 5
a) ‘Central Processing Unit’ refers to —.
i. human brain
ii. the central part of a computer
iii. both i & ii
iv. none of them
Answer : iii. both i & ii
b) The word ‘judgment’ stands for —.
i. a piece of information
ii. decision
iii. Judiciary
iv. Court
Answer : ii. decision
c) Human brain has —.
i. natural intelligence
ii. artificial intelligence
iii. neuron
iv. fake intelligence
Answer : i. natural intelligence
d) Michael Schumacher was a —.
i. wrestler
ii. cricketer
iii. racer
iv. driver
Answer : iii. racer
e) ‘— at the end of the day, you don’t want to be regarded as a killer.’ What does it imply?
i. You are killer
ii. You wish to be a killer
iii. At the end you don’t want to suicide
iv. You have no desire to kill someone in the street
Answer : iv. You have no desire to kill someone in the street.
B. Answer the following questions. 10
a) What according to text, is CPU?
b) Mention the activities of driving a car?
c) Why is human brain considered to be a sophisticated machine?
d) What does the expression ‘Leave no room for fantasy’ mean?
e) Do you find any similarity between human brain and CPU? If any, mention.
Answer :
a) According to text CPU is the prime part of a computer. The elaboration of CPU is central processing unit. It is like human brain.
b) Diving involves a number of activities. Firstly, we have to keep our hands on the steering and on the horn. Then, we have to keep our feet on the brake and accelerator. Then we have to keep our eyes on surroundings. Lastly, our brain will control all the organs and functions.
c) Human brain is considered to be a sophisticated machine. It is the most sophisticated machine that is able to operate on ever-changing conditions and standards of judgment.
d) The expression means that there is no scope of imagination when we drive cars. If we have imagination at the time of driving, we may face accidents.
e) There are similarities between human brain and CPU. CPU is the prime unit of the computer. In the same way brain is the main organ of us. CPU controls the functions of a computer. Similarly, human brain controls all our activities.
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